Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Which spread rapidly in China and then worldwide in countries of America, Europe, Australia and Asia including Pakistan. There are more than fifty thousand mortalities and one million plus people have been affected worldwide, while figure increases rapidly. Even with less resources Pakistan also taken rigorous measures like deed special hospitals, Laboratories for testing, quarantine facilities, awareness campaign and lock down to control the spread of virus.
We highlighted the efforts of government to combat this deadly pneumonia. The COVID outbreak was treated as a case of pneumonia with unknown etiology appeared in the Wuhan city of China, at the end of Decemberwhich spread across the country to worldwide with a high rate [ 1 ]. The coronavirus is one of the major virus that target the respiratory system of the human [ 3 ].
The Chinese researchers named the virus as nCoV [ 4 ]. This was not the first outbreak of the coronavirus. On the same day another case confirmed by the Pakistan Federal Ministry of Health in Islamabad [ 1112 ]. Within fifteen days, the of total confirmed cases COVID Positive reached to twenty 20 out of suspected cases with highest s in the Sindh province followed by the Gilgit Baltistan. All of the confirmed cases had recent travel history from Iran, Syria and London. And currently these cases increase by high rate and the situation is worst [ 13 ].
The geographical location of Pakistan, with the continuous increases in the dating CVOID positive cases need a high level of action, planes and management. The local, regional and national outbreaks that can have a ificant impact pakistani the health of Pakistani population and society [ 14 ]. In this review, we highlighted the different steps taken by the government of Pakistan against CoVID, such as deated hospitals, quarantine centers, testing facilities, treatments, public awareness and High response of local community against COVID outbreak.
According to the Ministry of Health, government of Pakistan, there are total of confirmed positive cases in the country with 18 critical and 50 mortalities on Monday, April 6, The have heen shown in figure. To date, the highest of mortalities occurred in Khyber pakhtunkhwa with 16, followed by Punjab 15Sindh 15Gilgit Baltistan 3Balochistan 1. The mortality rate in Pakistan is 1.
The Government of Pakistan is taking all the measures against the COVID to provide and insure the responsibilities of the state for their people. Since the first day when the first case was conformed in Karachi city of Sindh all the services and measures were used with Point extreme capabilities to ensure the safeness of life in the region. Meanwhile, all the cases have a travel history, suggesting transmission elsewhere being imported in the country. Social network helplines were launched by the Government in seven 07 local languages.
The materials will be distributed in all villages with refugees in Baluchistan. The arrangements to fight against the COVID, there are lots of measures being taken by the government of Pakistan to control the outbreak and facilitate their people. There were many hospitals been working in this scenario to bring back the life and fight against the deadly outbreak of COVID in the country. In the capital territory Islamabad, there was a single hospital functional.
Specific hospitals have been approved for admission and management of suspected and confirmed based upon availability of quality isolation wards at Federal, provincial and regional level. Each institute and hospital are expected to conduct need and availability assessment of supplies equipment, personal protective equipment, laboratory diagnostics and including identification of sources to ensure provision and availability of PPEs and other equipment. Notify and train IPC Infection prevention and control team at the deated hospitals. Standard Operating Procedures SOPs have been developed and disseminated for waste management at hospitals and airports.
Local SOPs should be established and available in all HCFs with appropriate training of the staff ased to handle the waste. The total of beds in isolation wards in whole country are 23, were established. Isolation is different from quarantine, and is the separation of ill or infected persons from others, so as to prevent the spread of infection or contamination.
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The hospitals use for isolation for COVID people were widely disturbed in provinces which arise the good gesture which being use in this scenario throughout Pakistan to control the outbreak of COVID The distributions of hospitals being used for isolation on districts basis. In Islamabad capital territorythere were been only one medical faculty using for isolation with the capacity of 10 beds.
In the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's 33 districts. There were medical facilities functional. In the province of Punjab's 34 districts. There were 50 medical facilities functional. In the Sindh province, in the 4 districts, 4 medical facilities were functional. In the Gilgit-Baltistan's, 10 districts have 21 medical facilities while in the Azad Jammu and Kashmir's 9 districts have 15 medical facilities as shown in Fig. The Quarantines being used to restrict the activities or separation of persons in a non-health care facility who were not ill yet, but who might have been exposed to an infectious agent or disease such as COVID 19 with the objective of monitoring symptoms and early detection of cases.
The total of Quarantine's 23, in districts of the Pakistan which arise the good gesture which being use in this scenario throughout Pakistan dating control the outbreak of COVID In Islamabad the capital of the country, have allotted the two quarantine facilities. In the Baluchistan, there were 10, Point Pakhtunkhwa 52, Punjab 6, Sindh 2, while Gilgit-Baltistan 63 quarantine facilities were being functional as showed in the Fig. In AJK there were 4 quarantine facilities were being functional in the various districts [ 21 ]. Pakistan's testing capacity has been increased from 30, toand would be further enhanced toSince High outbreak the country has carried out nearly 15, coronavirus tests.
The new testing labs would be set in different cities across the country. Pakistan is also launching a training program for paramedics and laboratory staff to resolve the deficiency. NDMA would recruit lab pakistani with expertise in molecular biology [ 22 ].
The current scenario of Pakistan is not satisfactory as Pakistan is much populated country where required more facilitation.
The of hospitals and quarantine facilities being not fulfilled as required. If these medical facilities improved, then it will not be difficult to control the transmission of viruses and treatment of patients. Currently the testing facilities are much lower than the required target.
The testing facilities could increase by five to ten 5to 10 folds. The right steps should be taken to control the situation more worst such as staying at homes, lockdown, social distancing, using sanitizers, face mask when necessary.
Pakistan needs more screening facilities for the arrivals as well as for the departures. Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analyzed during the current study. The authors received no specific funding for this work. This work has not been funded by any funding agency. AW and AK search the different data base for literature retrieval.
AB arrange, compile the format, and handle the correspondence. The authors read and approved the final manuscript.
The authors acknowledge Dr. Misbahud Din Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad for their valuable suggestion in improving this review. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. New Microbes New Infect. Published online Apr Waris1 U. Atta2 M. Asmat3 and A. Author information Article notes Copyright and information Disclaimer.
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Baset: kp. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Introduction The COVID outbreak was treated as a case of pneumonia with unknown etiology appeared in pakistani Wuhan city of China, at the end of Decemberwhich spread across the country to worldwide with a high rate [ 1 ]. Current situation in Pakistan According to the Ministry of Health, government of Pakistan, there are total of confirmed positive cases in the country with 18 critical and 50 High on Monday, April 6, Open in a separate window.
Deated hospitals Specific hospitals have been approved for admission and management of suspected and confirmed based upon availability of quality isolation wards at Federal, provincial and regional level. Hospitals with isolation wards province-wise for COVID in Pakistan Isolation is different from quarantine, and is the separation of ill or infected persons from others, so as to prevent the spread of infection or contamination.
Quarantine facilities province-wise for COVID in Pakistan The Quarantines being used to restrict the activities or separation of persons in a non-health care facility who were not ill yet, but who might have been exposed to an infectious agent or disease such as COVID Point with the objective of monitoring dating and early detection of cases. Ethics approval and consent to participate Not Applicable. Consent for publication Not Applicable. Availability of data Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analyzed during the current study. Declaration of competing of interest The authors declares no conflict of interest.
Funding The authors received no specific funding for this work.
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Authors' contribution AW and AK search the different data base for literature retrieval. Acknowledgements The authors acknowledge Dr. References 1. Sahin A. Wang L. Int J Antimicrob Agents. Hoehl S. New England J Med. Zhu N. A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China,